The Cardinal Virtues of Our Time

Prudence, courage, temperance, and justice—the four cardinal virtues. Present throughout Christian and classical traditions both, these four virtues have steered Western thought for millennia, capturing, along the way, the imaginations of humanity’s greatest minds.

Why Is There a Lack of Opportunity in American Cities?

In 1831, a 25-year-old Frenchman stepped off a boat in Newport, Rhode Island. Over the ensuing nine months, he would visit nearly every major city along the Eastern Seaboard and inland America—from Cincinnati and Memphis to Boston and New York City. “Americans love their towns,” he found, and it was on these preserves of community that he focused his gaze, s[...]